Taughannock Falls

Taughannock Falls
from: althouse.blogspot.com

Wednesday, June 8, 2011

Letter from France, 1785

When Tea Party favorite Sarah Palin reveals she thought Paul Revere was warning the British, that is just comical. When other, supposedly more serious conservatives pretend that our Founding Fathers would have tolerated their sociopathic Ayn Randian nonsense, that is tragic. Here's what Thomas Jefferson wrote in a letter from France to James Madison, October 28, 1785:

As soon as I had got clear of the town I fell in with a poor woman walking at the same rate with myself and going the same course. Wishing to know the condition of the laboring poor I entered into conversation with her, which I began by enquiries for the path which would lead me into the mountain: and thence proceeded to enquiries into her vocation, condition and circumstances. She told me she was a day laborer at 8 sous or 4d. sterling the day: that she had two children to maintain, and to pay a rent of 30 livres for her house (which would consume the hire of 75 days), that often she could find no employment and of course was without bread. As we had walked together near a mile and she had so far served me as a guide, I gave her, on parting, 24 sous. She burst into tears of a gratitude which I could perceive was unfeigned because she was unable to utter a word. She had probably never before received so great an aid. This little attendrissement, with the solitude of my walk, led me into a train of reflections on that unequal division of property which occasions the numberless instances of wretchedness which I had observed in this country and is to be observed all over Europe.

The property of this country is absolutely concentred in a very few hands, having revenues of from half a million of guineas a year downwards. These employ the flower of the country as servants, some of them having as many as 200 domestics, not laboring. They employ also a great number of manufacturers and tradesmen, and lastly the class of laboring husbandmen. But after all there comes the most numerous of all classes, that is, the poor who cannot find work. I asked myself what could be the reason so many should be permitted to beg who are willing to work, in a country where there is a very considerable proportion of uncultivated lands? These lands are undisturbed only for the sake of game. It should seem then that it must be because of the enormous wealth of the proprietors which places them above attention to the increase of their revenues by permitting these lands to be labored. I am conscious that an equal division of property is impracticable, but the consequences of this enormous inequality producing so much misery to the bulk of mankind, legislators cannot invent too many devices for subdividing property, only taking care to let their subdivisions go hand in hand with the natural affections of the human mind. The descent of property of every kind therefore to all the children, or to all the brothers and sisters, or other relations in equal degree, is a politic measure and a practicable one. Another means of silently lessening the inequality of property is to exempt all from taxation below a certain point, and to tax the higher portions or property in geometrical progression as they rise. Whenever there are in any country uncultivated lands and unemployed poor, it is clear that the laws of property have been so far extended as to violate natural right. The earth is given as a common stock for man to labor and live on. If for the encouragement of industry we allow it to be appropriated, we must take care that other employment be provided to those excluded from the appropriation. If we do not, the fundamental right to labor the earth returns to the unemployed. It is too soon yet in our country to say that every man who cannot find employment, but who can find uncultivated land, shall be at liberty to cultivate it, paying a moderate rent. But it is not too soon to provide by every possible means that as few as possible shall be without a little portion of land. The small landholders are the most precious part of a state.

There's a lot of interesting things to notice here. I'll just point out two of the most glaringly obvious: 1) President Jefferson never thinks to blame the poor woman for her condition. No self-righteous blather about "poor lifestyle choices" from the author of our Declaration of Independence. 2)He, being an intelligent man, immediately considers a system of progressive Government taxation as a reasonable response to the social problem of poverty. He doesn't waste any time proposing that churches or private charity will, all of a sudden, solve a problem they haven't remedied for millenia.

I encourage Leftsiders not to concede any ground on these points to conservatives. The Founding Fathers were not modern socialists, true. Yet they also weren't cold and callous Libertarians, even if, sadly, some of them owned slaves.


thubtump7 said...

Taxing the rich, separating Church from State-- as American as apple pie!

Cletis L. Stump said...

I have seen this before. As you say, Ulysses, concede nothing to these bastards. I will not be civil with evil. If we are, we will lose. Thanks for your support. Hit 20,000 views today since November 26th when I started Cletis. A small thing but encouraging to me. I have great respect for you.

Motivated In Ohio said...

Thank you for posting this. Our history is under attack by the revisionist wing of the Republican Party. If we are to survive, we will have to tax the rich.

Underground Politics said...

With how much some people in this country are trying to rewrite our history we need to keep sharing stuff like this. Thanks for doing that :]